LOCATION: Puri Odisha
ESTABLISHED BY: Nature
KNOWN FOR: Chilika Lake
Chilika Lake is that the biggest coastal lagoon in India and thus the second largest brackish water lagoon on the planet after the New Caledonian coral reef. It has been listed as a tentative UNESCO World Heritage site.
Get to know about Chilika lake. Chilika lagoon cover the region Puri, Khurda, and Ganjam of Odisha, at the mouth of the Daya River, streaming into the Bay of Bengal, covering a neighborhood of more than 1,100 km.
It is the most important wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian subcontinent. The lake is home to a sort of threatened species of plants and animals.
The lake is an ecosystem with large fishery & 132 villages on the shore and islands.
The lagoon hosts over 160 species of birds in the migratory season. Birds from around the world like the Caspian, Lake Baikal, Lake Aral, and other remote parts of Russia, Kirghiz steppes of Kazakhstan, Central and Southeast Asia, Ladakh, and the Himalayas come to Chilika. These migratory birds travel long distances & probably like much longer routes possibly up to 12,000 km to reach Chilika Lake.
In 1981, Lake has promoted the primary Indian wetland to global importance under the Ramsar Convention
Approx 45 percent of the birds are terrestrial in nature, 32 percent are waterfowl, and 23 percent are waders. The lagoon is additionally home to 14 types of raptors. Around 152 uncommon and imperiled Irrawaddy dolphins have been found at Chilika and around 37 types of reptiles and creatures of land and water.
The profoundly beneficial Chilika Lagoon environment with its rich fishery assets supports the business for people who live in and close to the Lagoon. The water spread territory of the lagoon ranges somewhere in the range of 1165 and 906 km2 during the storm and summer individually. A 32 km long, restricted, external channel interfaces the lagoon to the Bay of Bengal, close to the town Motto. All the more as of late another mouth has been opened by CDA which has carried another rent of life to the Lagoon.
Microalgae, marine kelp, ocean grasses, fish, and crab additionally thrive inside the bitter water of the Chilika Lagoon. Particularly the recuperation of sea grass beds as of late is an inviting pattern that can in the long run lead to re-colonization of imperiled dugongs.
In 1992, the govt of Odisha, worried by the degradation of the lake’s biological system and conscious of genuine quantities of individuals who were reliant upon the lake’s assets, happened upon the Chilika Development Authority (CDA). The CDA was happened upon for reclamation and in general improvement of the lake under the Indian Societies Registration Act as a parastatal body under the managerial locale of the Forest and Environment Department, with the resulting contract:
.To ensure the Lake biological system with all its hereditary variety
- To figure the administration plan for Integrated Resource Management and insightful utilization of the lake’s assets by the network relying on it .
- To execute multidimensional and multidisciplinary formative exercises either itself or through different organizations
- To work together with different public and global establishments for the advancement of the lake
- The organization of the Authority is going by the Chief Minister of Odisha State and has individuals’ agents (Members of Parliament and Legislative Assembly), delegates of the fisher folk networks and secretaries of the key offices, specialists, and famous researchers as its individuals.
In 1998, a chief council comprised of budgetary power, enhanced with help from the Tenth and Eleventh Finance Commissions of the govt of India, offered backing to the administration activities frequented by CDA. This encouraged a planned way to deal with a plan and execute successful ameliorative administration activities.
An Integrated Management Plan was executed with budgetary help of Rs 570 million (US$12.7 million) out of “extraordinary issue awards” suggested by the Finance Commissions. Hydro biological checking was upheld under the Odisha Water Resources Consolidation Project of the planet Bank, to the degree of Rs 10 million (US$220,000). A vigorous encouraging group of people was made with 7 government associations, 33 NGOs, 3 public government services, 6 different associations, 11 worldwide associations, 13 exploration foundations, and 55 distinct classifications of local gatherings.
BEST TIME TO VISIT THE LAKE
Winter ranges from November to February. The temperature of 22°C and the base temperature of about 7°C is experienced during this season. This is considered the best ideal Time to visit Chilka. Lovers and travelers come to Chilka in the period of January during Makar Mela (Makar Sankranti) to give recognition to the Goddess Kalijai.
HOW TO REACH
Chilika Lake can be reached through various entry points – Barkul, Rambha, Balugaon, and Satapada are towns close to Chilika from where one can take boats to arrive at the lake and the numerous islands around it. Definite underneath is a record on probably the most advantageous approaches to arrive at Chilika Lake.
Bhubaneswar Airport, approx 95 km is the nearest Airport to Reach Chilika
There are no immediate trains that will take you to Chilika Lake. Nonetheless, voyagers can board a train to the Balugaon Railway Station, which is the closest intersection at around 50 km away from Chilika. The station is on the Kolkata-Chennai line of the Southeastern Railways. All trains that cross this line can be utilized to arrive at Balugaon. Those rolling in from Bhubaneswar have the alternative of boarding the Berhampur-Visakhapatnam-Chennai train legitimately to Balugaon.
A Chilika visit by Bus or Cab is a significant charming and a visual treat to eyes. The National expressway NH5 that is from Bhubaneswar runs by the Chilika Lake and one can get a brief look at the lake while cruising by. There are a ton of transports coming the course that causes one to arrive at Chilika.
Bhubaneswar to Chilika(Satapada) -102 Km
Puri to Chilka (Satapada) – 48km
Bhubaneswar to Balugaon -96 Km
Balugaon Station to Chilika (Boat Point) – 1.5 Km