LOCATION: Puri Odisha
KNOWN FOR: Sun Temple
The Konarak Sun temple is devoted to the Hindu sun god Surya, and, conceived as an enormous stone chariot with 12 wheels, it’s the foremost famous of the few sun temples inbuilt India. it’s located about 35 km northeast of the town of Puri on the coastline within the state of Odisha. it had been built 1250 CE by King Narasimhadeva ( 1238-1264 CE) of the Eastern Ganga dynasty (8th century CE – 15th century CE). The temple was declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site in 1984. Many portions are now in ruins, but remains of the temple complex continues to draw not only tourists but also Hindu pilgrims. Konarak stands as a classic example of Hindu temple architecture, complete with a huge structure, sculptures, and artwork on myriad themes. In 1559, Mukunda Gajapati came to the throne in Cuttack. He present himself as an ally of Akbar and an enemy of the Sultan of Bengal, Sulaiman Khan Karrani. After a couple of battles, Odisha finally fell. the autumn was also aided by the interior turmoil of the state. In 1568, the Konark temple was damaged by the Kalapahad, a general of the Sultan. Know about the places to visit or things to do in Konark Odisha
The word ‘Konark’ is a combination of two Sanskrit words Kona (corner or angle) and Arka (the sun). It thus implies that the most deity was the sun god, and also the temple was built in an angular format. The temple follows the Kalinga or Odisha sort of architecture, which is a subset of the nagara sort of Hindu temple architecture. The Odisha style is believed to showcase the nagara style in all its purity. The nagara was among the three types of Hindu temple architecture in India and prevailed in northern India, while in the south, the Dravida style predominated and in central and eastern India, it had been the vesara style.
The nagara style is characterized by a square floor plan, containing a sanctuary and auditorium (mandapa). In terms of elevation, there’s an enormous curvilinear tower (shikhara), inclining inwards and capped. Despite the very fact that Odisha lies within the eastern region, the nagara style was adopted. this might flow from to the very fact that since King Anantavarman’s domains included many areas in northern India also, the design prevalent there decisively impacted the architectural plans of the temples that were close to being inbuilt Odisha by the king. Once adopted, an equivalent tradition was continued by his successors too, and with time, many additions were made.
The style here follows the architecture of the Lingaraja temple built around 1100 CE within the present-day city of Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha, and known locally because of the Khakhara style. during this design, the temple is situated within an outsized quadrangular court enclosed by massive walls and with a huge gate within the east. There are multiple halls dedicated to varied activities like dancing, serving meals, gatherings, etc., within this complex alongside the sanctum and with lofty towers. Konarak ‘excels the Lingaraja within the nobility of its conception and therefore the perfection of its finish. Grand and impressive even in its ruin, the Konarak temple represents the fulfillment and finality of the Odia architectural movement’
The Konarak temple, built only in stone, is in the sort of a colossal chariot with twelve pairs of lavishly-ornamented wheels, drawn by seven richly-caparisoned, galloping horses. The wheels are carved against the sides of the “chariot”. The conception of this temple within the sort of a chariot has mainly to try to to with Hindu beliefs regarding Surya that he’s usually found on a chariot pulled by seven horses. Thus, the depiction of a chariot invariably became a part of any art associated with the sun god in India. The 12 pairs of wheels represent the 12 months of the year.
The main characteristics of the Orissa style are primarily two: the Deul or the sanctum housing the deity covered by a shikhara, and therefore the Jaganmohan or the auditorium. The latter features a pyramidal roof built up by secession of receding platforms referred to as Pidhas. Both structures are squares internally and use a standard platform. the outside is variegated into projections known during this style as rathas or pagas which create effects of sunshine and shade. Many temples inbuilt this style shows their own peculiar variations, and Konarak is not any exception.
BEST TIME TO VISIT THE TEMPLE
Being a coastal destination, the weather in Konark is the most pleasant during winters. The best time to visit this place is during the months of September-March. Summers are very hot and humid and should be avoided.
HOW TO REACH
If your are Planning to visit Tourist Place in Odisha Konark Sun Temple is in Konark, a town in the district of Puri . it’s approximately 60 km from the Bhubaneswar town and 35 km from Puri Jagannath Temple. This is well-connected to Puri and Bhubaneswar by trains, buses, and taxis.The best way, however, to reach Konark is to rent a cab from Puri.
The Konark temple is 65 km from Bhubaneswar domestic airport which is the capital city of Odisha. Bhubaneswar is Air connected with flights to major Indian cities like New Delhi, Kolkata, Visakhapatnam, Chennai, and Mumbai, etc. All major domestic airlines like Indigo, GoAir, Air India have daily flights to/from Bhubaneswar. the closest International Airport is at Calcutta (Kolkata).
Travelers flying from Europe or America (east): the most effective way to reach Konark is to fly either to Kolkata, Mumbai or Delhi then fly to Bhubaneswar.
Travelers flying from Australia or California could fly on to Chennai or Kolkata then fly to Bhubaneswar.
The nearest railway stations are Bhubaneswar and Puri. The Konark temple is 65 km from Bhubaneswar via Pipili and 35km from Puri on marine drive road. Puri is that the last point of the South Eastern Railway. Puri & Bhubaneswar have fast and superfast train connections to Kolkata, New Delhi, Chennai, Banglore, Mumbai, and other major cities and towns of the country.
Some of the important trains from New Delhi to Puri:
1) Purushottam Express Leaves New Delhi on Day 1 and arrives at Puri on Day 3 (the distance is about 1866 km) journey Time approx 31 hours
2) Puri Express Leaves New Delhi on Day 1 and arrives at Puri on Day 2 (the distance is about 1794 km) journey Time approx 30 hours
3) Neelachal Express Leaves New Delhi on Day 1 and arrives at Puri on Day 2 (the distance is about 1910 km) journey Time approx 35 hours
Some of the trains from Kolkata to Puri:
1) Howrah-Puri Express leaves Calcutta on Day 1 and arrives at Puri on Day 2 (the distance is about 502 km) journey Time approx 9 hours
2) Howrah-Puri Sri Jagannath Express leaves Calcutta on Day 1 and arrives at Puri on Day 2 (the distance is about 502 km) journey Time approx 9 hours
Some of the trains from New Delhi to Bhubaneswar:
1) Sampark Kranti Express leaves New Delhi on Day 1 and arrives at Bhubaneswar on Day 2 (the distance is about 1799 km) journey Time approx 29 hours
2) Rajdhani Express leaves New Delhi on Day 1 and arrives at Puri on Day 2 (the distance is about 1724 km) journey Time approx 23 hours.
The Konark Temple is 65km from Bhubaneswar via Pipili (approx 2 hours) and 35 km from Puri on marine drive road. Konark is connected by good all-weather motorable roads. Regular Bus services are available from Puri and Bhubaneswar. Besides public transport Private tourist & Volvo bus services and taxis also are available from Puri and Bhubaneswar.
If you’re coming by road from Bhubaneswar then on your thanks to Konark you’ll visit Pipili. If you’re coming by road from Puri then on your way you’ll visit Beleswar (Lord Shiva Temple), Balighai (Sea Beach), Ramachandi (Temple & Sea Beach), and Chandrabhaga (Konark Sea Beach).
Open throughout the week: 6 AM to 6 PM