ESTABLISHEDBY: JajatiKeshari in 11th Century
KNOWN FOR: Having self-originated temple
Lingaraja Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and is the oldest temples in Bhubaneswar, the capital of the Odisha. The temple is the most prominent landmark of Bhubaneswar city and one among the main tourist attractions of the state. Find the Places to Visit near around Lingaraj Temple Bhubaneshwar.
HISTORY OF THE TEMPLE
Lingaraja, means the king of Lingam, the iconic form of Shiva. The Lord Shiva was worshipped as Kirtivasa and later worshipped as Harihara and Tribhuvaneshwara & Bhubaneswar, the master of three worlds, Namely, Heaven, Earth, and the netherworld. His consort is named Bhuvaneshwari.
The temple in its present form dates back to the last decade of the eleventh century. There is evidence that a part of the temple was built during the sixth century CE as mentioned in a number of the seventh century Sanskrit texts. Fergusson a Historian believes that the temple may need been initiated by Lalatendu Keshari who reigned from 615 to 657 CE. In Eleventh century ,the auditorium (Jaganmohan), sanctum, and temple tower were built , while the Hall of offering (Bhoga-mandapa) was built during the twelfth century. The Nata Mandira was built by the wife of Salini between 1099 and 1104 CE. By the time the Lingaraja temple was completely constructed, the Jagannath (a form of Vishnu) sect had been growing within the region, which historians believe, is evidenced by the co-existence of Vishnu and Shiva worship at the temple. The kings of the Ganga dynasty were ardent followers of Vaishnavism and built the Jagannath Temple at Puri within the 12th century.
James Fergusson (1808–86), a historian rated the temple as “one of the finest examples of Purely Hindu temple in India”. It is within a spacious compound wall of measuring 520 ft (160 m) by 465 ft (142 m). The wall of Lingaraj Temple is 7.5 ft (2.3 m) thick and surmounted by a plain slant coping. There is a terrace to protect the compound wall against outside aggression in the inner face of the boundary wall. The tower is 148.0 ft high and the complex has 150 smaller shrines in its spacious courtyard. Each inch of the 180 ft tall tower is sculpted. The door in the gate of the entrance porch is made of sandalwood.
The Lingaraja temple is built of sandstone and laterite & the main entrance is located in the east, while there are small entrances in the north and south. The temple is built in Deula style which has four components as, vimana (structure containing the sanctum), Jagamohana (assembly hall), Natamandira (festival hall), and Bhoga-mandapa (hall of offerings), with all four in axial alignment with descending height. The dance hall was associated with the rising prominence of the devadasi system that existed during the time..
BEST TIME TO VISIT THE TEMPLE
If you are planning to visit Tourist places in Bhubaneswar then Visiting the temple between January and March is worthwhile, which can assist you to witness the divinity of the Shivaratri celebration at the temple.
HOW TO REACH
Planning a visit to the temple would require visiting the town of Bhubaneswar which is one among the foremost wanted tourist attractions of the country both for a terrific holiday and for having a holy trip to the state. The Lingaraj temple is often reached by all three routes including rail, road, and air.
By Air : Within the center of the town is found the Biju Patnaik airport and it specifically operates within the domestic airlines. additionally thereto there are a variety of flights that withdraw and forth from the main cities of the country to Bhubaneswar.
By Road: There many buses both public and personal are available within the city which runs on the highways.
By Train: The headquarters of the East Coast of the railway division is found in Bhubaneswar then the town is clearly well connected to other railways stations. Besides that, there also are a variety of passenger trains running within the city.
From Biju Patnaik Airport- 3 KM
From Master Canteen Re(Bhubaneswar)- 4.3 KM
Open throughout the week: 5 AM to 9 PM